Internet Librarian: 30 Apps in 40 Minutes

Although my “Rough Cuts” for Internet Librarian have concluded. I still have a few more posts to make which I hope I can finish before throwing myself into Nanowrimo world for November.

Gary Price did an excellent session called “30 Apps in 40 Minutes.” I decided not to post this as a rough cut because my notes consisted of copying his web page handout at into OneNote and making annotations. So I figured it was a potential copyright violation. Librarians respect copyright.

Gary started his session by talking briefly about internet security. He used Wireshark and CookieCadger together to trace the internet traffic in the hall to specific machines. He had the good grace to only highlight the things HIS laptop was doing, but it was a chilling demo. He then went into ways that we could protect ourselves and our patrons.  I appreciate this service to the community.

Then he went on to the advertised main event. While I’m confident that all of the apps/app related sites Gary listed would be useful to someone, here are my “best bets” for people in libraries. I’ve noted ones that I either already use or intend to install when I get home:

If you were at Gary’s session, what resources seemed the most useful to you? If you live in Alaska, what apps do you find most helpful?

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Internet Librarian Rough Cut: News & Information, Community Curation & “Data Alchemy”

Here are my raw notes to:

News & Information, Community Curation & “Data Alchemy” by Kenn Bicknell

My impression is that the LA Metro Transportation Library has done a lot with the staff they have.


30,000 ft view of three areas

Check out “8 generative values of digitization” “Better than Free”


News Agg & disem

Began as an online clipping service

Why this area? – Being proactive in providing information

Had a desire to be mobile

Moved to – MetroLibrary Twitter Daily

Note: Might want to try again

Metro uses a freemium version to create a personalized version.  “Los Angeles Transportation Headlines”

Idea – Alaska State Agency Daily – perhaps way to share across agencies?


Community Curation

Flickr – deliberate promotion

Example embedded resources – monorail letter

Creating conversation & storytelling opportunities with interesting pictures

Calendaring – “this day in los angeles transportation history”

[Way to tie into HC?]

Use tiki-toki for interactive timeline

Interactive Family Tree: PeoplePlotr

They also use Historypin – Note: Check for Alaska related Historypins

They also have some augmented reality in historypin that interacts with Google Street View

Historypin also has tours. See 1984 Summer Olympics Tour from Metro


“data alchemy”

(This section was really rushed as the presenter was running out of time. Would have liked to have heard more.)


Library works with GIS Data Layers

Crowdsourced applications

Infographics and Data Visualization – Fresno County presented a two page infographic for their annual report.

“Exo-Library: Interactive Transit Kiosks”

“Los Angeles Information Network” (?)

Look for “Los Angeles Transportation Plans”

Getty Overdrive LA Constructs the Future 1940-1990

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Internet Librarian Rough Cut: It’s All About Learning

Here are my raw notes from:

It’s All About Learning – John F. Szabo, Los Angeles Public Library

Feel free to let me know whether you find these raw notes useful.


Belief – Public Libraries as Engines of Development

We have things to learn from Developing World libraries

LAPL – Committed to Lifelong Learning for ALL – Need to leverage our trust.

Library accounts for 50% of all web traffic to City of Los Angeles

Major Inititives

Immingrant integration/citizenship

Health information

Financial literacy

Workforce development

Veteran centers (Maybe AK should try?)


All 73 LAPL locations have “Citizenship Corners” with staff trained by USCIS

“Your path to US Citizenship begins at the LAPL”

800,000 aliens in Los Angeles have a legal path to citizenship — library is merely a facilitator

Over 14,000 people have taken their first steps with over 20 community partners


Combo of health and health insurance info dissemination in cooperation with partners

Library helped identify areas of health disparity.


900+ online courses, including Accounting, speed reading, a few MOOCs on collections.

Reported on OCLC study indicating only about 3% of people participate in MOOCs.

See slide on roles for libraries MOOCs

LA runs Career Online High School – currently funded privately, it’s an accredited high school degree.

Had conflict with School District, but there’s enough dropouts for everyone. So far two people have graduated. 53 are enrolled.

FULL STEAM AHEAD – Science Technology Engineering and Art & Math

Workshops and badges

Summer programs include meals and eye exams


Mostly classes


Digitizing, build exhibits, helping students re-use,

Sheet music collection has been digitized. Next up – Menu collection – will be tied into food insecurity and food deserts

Talk of Major Programming Initiatives including The Odyssey project with participation from Homer Simpson  – examined links to material using Odyssey

These projects require new core competences – adult basic education, etc

Measure L provided a steady revenue stream for the Library. Passed March 2011. Library has met all promises made in exchange for increased funding.

Question – How did you manage resistance to change?

Answer – Questions from individuals and unions. Mostly see and accept need for systemwide initiative. Important to have good communication with union.

Career High School is contracted out.


Personal Note:

I was born and raised in Los Angeles, so it was heart warming to hear that the system now has stable funding and is doing the kind of education it is doing. When I visited Los Angeles back in 2006, I was positively DELIGHTED that the bar that my dad spent so much time getting drunk at had be razed and replaced with a library! I wish it had been there was I was growing up.

As it was, the Lake View Terrace branch was an important refuge for me in 2006. My mom was dying in the hospital and my dad spent most of his time drunk. When I was unable to bear being either with my comatose mother or drunk father, it was a huge relieve to go to the Lake View Terrace branch and take a breather before going to be of further service to my family. Thank you, LAPL!

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Internet Librarian Rough Cut: Tuesday Keynote – Radical Collaboration – Nina Simon

This was one of the best keynotes I have ever been to. If you need a conference session on involving the community in your institution I HIGHLY RECOMMEND trying to get Nina Simon of the Santa Cruz Art and History Museum to talk to your group.

Here are my raw notes from the keynote. They’re offered in the belief that posting something rough right away is better than something more polished a month from now. Feel free to fight me on this, especially if you don’t find the notes useful.


Slides are online (Not as of press time and they are probably not as meaningful without the talk)

Nina spoke from floor rather than podium

Three years ago, Santa Cruz museum was broke and more people knew it used to be the jail, but not that it was currently a museum.

She is author of Museum 2.0 blog. General outlook – every visit to museum can potentially make it better.

PARTICIPATION – Art and history are things people do, not just shown.

Museum programs are created by others, facilitated by staff.

Art ex – Memory Jars from participation.

Every way you in engage in art and history is valid

SOCIAL BRIDGING – Content creation is also opportunity to meet others. This concept is linked to social capital.

______ – Last 60 years have seen lack of social bridging experience. [Bonding experiences vs bridging experiences]

One event brought knitters and graphitti artists together.

If they have a music event, they’ll put rap and opera together.

Santa Cruz dropped family days because they want to create intergenerational experiences.

[Note - Nina Simon might be a great speaker]

EXPERIMENTATION – Risk taking is life. They put on an exhibit of fire art.

Done three times without casualties

SC – Reject putting things out when perfect – iterate, minimum acceptable to start

2010-11 17K visitors – loss

2011 – 37 K

2012 – 41 K

They’re getting more visitors and making money.

Also experiencing upswing on social side.

This has not come without pain.

Note 1 – Revoluton is not an exercise in concentric circle

Political cartoon – accusations of dumbing down led to knowledge people were paying attention.

SC Museum had to shift. See circle. Purple circle old, yellow new? Required recentering their programs.

Pop-Up Museum event at a Bar – F my Ex – bring something from a failed relationship. While event was successful, suggests NOT putting F into your flyers.

SC Museum sells itself as a community resource – see comment that starts of “I’m closer to the stodgy traditional” – Think of museum board members like board members for soup kitchen – supporters but not necessarily users

Note 2 – Invite meaningful action at all levels

SC has a wishlist in their e-mail newsletter – ask for boxes let to sizable cardboard castle. Creates opportunities to participation.

[NOTE: Really need to join my local friends group.]

Note 3 – Be Rigorous

Had criticism of being too flightly. Be sure of why you’re doing what you’re doing. SC Museum does a lot of community dialog.

[Nina Simon - Another potential speaker for DirLead/Future AkLA]

Need a better model then “we produce programming”/Mission Accomplished

Museum Goal – Our community grows stronger and more connected.

Note 4: Think Platforms

Pop up museums, crowdsourcing – things that can scale

Note: 5 Make Space

Risk Takers need Space Maker

(South Carolina example)

SC Museum also runs Evergreen Cemetary in Santa Cruz.

When Nina took over, was druggie space and very overgrown.

Partnered with Homeless Center a half mile from Cemetary. So every Monday, homeless and other volunteers do cemetary restoration – including 75 year old docents and homeless guys (library research, landscaping, etc)

No paid staff do this. They just created space for people who want to run with it.

Q&A comments

Small institutions should try to leverage their smallness. No small coffee shop aspires to be Starbucks.

Note: Look up Pocket Museum from SC

Accept that you may lose control of presentation as you become more participatory.

Santacruzmah is on Flickr

Do “Make and Share” not “Make and Take” – See Ed Martinez: “Forage Species”

Use artists and experts to create invitations for participations.

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Internet Librarian Rough Cut: Evolving Ebook Models

My raw notes from:

Evolving Ebook Models

A lot of good material here, except that ebook acquisitions remain fluid and chaotic. But there is  reason to hope.


Hutch Tibbets of DCL a no-show. Unfortunate but adds weight to rumors I’ve heard that the DCL model is falling apart. Would love to be proven wrong.

Evolving ebooks models – Megan Wong and James English

See handout for other details (on IL2014 password protected page)

Project LibrarySimplified

What – Group of Partners (many signers of ReadersFirst) including NYPL, Boston PL and Chattanooga PL

Charge – What would make Public Library easier to use?

Need for instant access, discoverability and easy checkout/download

Four teams created for various aspects of projects

Final product will be open source.

Team contacts for project or beta site  (Get from Slides)

Working on making ebooks 3 steps instead of 19 steps (even with integration)

By many measures, Libraries are failing with e-books.

(include chart? )

Ebooks are hard – 6% of AskNYPL calls are about ebooks, 93% of those calls are not closed.

Pain points – checking out, finding format, finding availability

Chart of book and ebook chains. In physical – libraries consumer, distributor, marketer, but in ebooks is simply consumer aka subsidize ebook readers.

What can we do?

Slide with many issues. A standout to me is to access broader market (self-publishing, independent publishers, public domain)


Librarian knowledge of books

Scale and money

public trust

NYC developer community

Mentioned opportunity in DRM alternatives (LCP, URMS)

Stop throwing good money after bad

Platforms generally exhibit lock-in

- Switching costs

      • Network effects
      • Barriers to entry

Open Standards Encourage Interoperable platforms. Think of ATMs

Standards and bodies. OPDS – Open Publication Distribution System, idpf

Open Web Platform (HTML 5) is the right foundation

EPUB is becoming accepted standard for document access

We need to ensure that library requirements are well-integrated with EPUB and web platform

Consider getting involved in Readium or idpf

Sourcing content directly could provide us the ability to serve more readers

Unit sales show that Indie publishers provide the most popular content source – Amazon and B&N Author Earnings Reports

Books without DRM sell at twice the rate of DRM books, Author sales again?

Libraries are highly intermediated with ebooks

LibrarySimplified are hope intermediate the vendors

Current approach

See slide for full list

Short term – Turn high-quality, public domain and mid-list titles into library bestsellers through new models of recommendation and discovery.

Long Term – Promote open source and inter-operable eBook technology

Keep at it – Approach publishers directly as opposed to aggregators about a different deal for libraries.

Progress to Date

Funding – $500K from IMLS, match from group

Received cost offsets from commercial and non profits players

We have a pre beta app that can present 80K-100K titles and distribute 40K today

Four months and $150K so far

On the board of Readium foundation

2 new technical specifications in the works for libraries (OPDS, LCP) ReadersFirst (NISO)

Currently pull from Overdrive, 3M and Public Domain

App is currently showing extra steps with multiple confirmations. Working on reducing this.

Plan on being multiDRM compatible

App currently uses Readium display, EPUB 3 compliant


Christine Peterson, Amigos

Slides are open to all at

Amigos eShelf Service

Gathered input from libraries on model

What’s taken so long?

DCL – Single library/single ILS/Single collection

Marmot Library Network – Consortium/Single ILS/Multiple Collection

Califa – Library consortium/Multiple ILSs/Single Shared Collection/Silo

Amigos difference – Publisher books will be hosted on Amigos, act as pass through as publisher. [Amigos as Overdrive?]

Goals – provide flexibility

Support Library as community publisher (libraries don’t have to host, can have Amigos host)

Resource for smaller libraries – looking affordable participation pricing

Issues and questions?

Separate or shared collections? Amigos participations want separate collections for now.

Build or Lease? Looked at licensing an existing platform, but none really satisfied.

NO settled model on ebooks

Peterson send previous project did not have an ordering module. Mad dash of dueling spreadsheet.

Screenshot looks kinda like OverDrive MarketPlace

Which ebook formats?

EPUB is the format everyone should be using. Amazon totally rejects EPUB. Options for Kindle – PDF and Mobi.

Amigos is asking publishers for EPUB and PDF at this point. In talks with Amazon, but not hopeful.

Metadata has been a challenge – only larger publishers will provide MARC, most ONIX or spreadsheets.

Amigos can’t draw from OCLC.

Amigos is having to map BISAC to LCSH, using a licensed map from Califa at present.

Work with publishers. Amigos started with small publishers, then larger (not big 5) publishers came knocking on Amigos’ door

Amigos believe in DRM, uses a standard agreement with all but two publishers – use Adobe Content Servers

Books purchased through Amigos may be taken with you into other platforms

Amigos is getting library discounts from publishers

Amigos eShelf Service


  • Can choose where to display ebooks
  • Can search across publishers
  • Keep deposit account with Amigos
  • Can host their ebooks on Amigos eShelf
  • Help local/independent authors


  • Hosts ebooks for publishers & libraries
  • Handles publisher negotiation
  • Provides RDA-compliant MARC records
  • Handles authentication
  • Handles billing and payment
  • Supports libraries and local/independent authors

Service will roll out to Amigos first. To non members in about a year.

NOTE: LibrariesSimplified will not host content themselves.


Ebooks and the public library in Europe

Helen Leech, Surrey Library Service and Shelf Free (}

Talked about how British library associations not nearly as assertive in lobbying as ALA

UK – Half of adults own smartphone

About a 1/5 of library authorities in UK are still not offering e-books

Ebook market in UK seem similar to US

But not into e-audio

Surrey started commuter promotions in 2010, had backlash from publishers.

This in turn generated activity including Shelf Free

Publishers initially insisted in in-library lending. Publisher’s Association could not make binding deals.

A campaign by Reading Agency helped publishers feel more comfortable. Also Parliament created an all party parliamentary group

Looks like UK willing to accept self-destructing ebooks

A physical book generates Public Lending Right revenue to author, but digital loans do not.

Ten things quoted from slides:

      • 1. Libraries don’t have the right to lend e-books. See
      • 2. Authors get paid (via Public Lending Right) when their physical book is borrowed from a public library, but not if it’s an e-book. The legislation hasn’t kept up.
      • 3. You can’t borrow library books on a Kindle.
      • 4. Library e-books and e-audiobooks are almost impossible for people with serious sight impairments to use. The combination of registration issues and the Digital Rights Management (DRM) software makes them almost unusable.
      • 5. You can’t borrow an e-book in a library (unless you bring your own device, and the library offers wi-fi. DRM means you can’t use library computers).
      • 6. Libraries can’t host and loan e-books themselves. They don’t have the technology. Third-party companies do it for them.
      • 7. Libraries can’t buy and own e-books, which are licensed. If a library service changes supplier, it loses the stock it has paid for.
      • 8. Roughly 85% of popular e-books are not available to public libraries. Publishers are anxious about how e-loans will affect their sales, and there’s no legal requirement for them to sell to libraries.
      • 9. Many library services help people to get started with e-books. They run public workshops, offer training and advice, and take e-readers and tablets to housebound users.
      • 10. Public libraries in the UK spend around £78m per year on books, and around £2m on e-books.
      • - See more at:

Leech talked about future directions in UK>

In Europe as a whole, EU Copyright Directive 2001 and the “exhaustion” doctrine/VAT situation are barriers. – i.e. No first sale type production.

Ebooks are growing in Scandivian countries.

Book Trade in Europe is serious turmoil

One in four Germans owns a tablet. In Germany, 620 out of 2100 libraries lend ebooks as of 2012

One in ten people in France own tablet, great resistance to e-reading. 2013, only 17% of French had read an ebook.

Information about Sweden was provided.

Things to watch (Maybe)

      • Sweden: Atingo – a relationship between the Publit publishing service and Axiell .  = Self published materials and pay-per-loan
      • France:  Library / bookshop partnerships via Pret Numerique en Bibliotheque, at Montpellier, Grenoble and Aulnay‐sous‐Bois
      • Sweden (again):  Stockholm Central Library – digitising Ordfront’s backstock in return for lending rights
      • Czech Republic:  Ebooks in all Libraries – libraries as part of digitisation process, providing statistics about use
      • Netherlands: Qinqo – retail cards for ebooks
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Internet Librarian Rough Cut: Library Mashups

Here are my raw notes on:

Library Mashups – Nicole Engard

Let me know if you find these raw notes or if it would have been better for me to wait several weeks to deliver a polished session post. Because with NaNoWrimo upon me, that’s probably the minimum it would take.


Nicole Engard is the author of

Engard, Nicole C. 2014. More library mashups: exploring new ways to deliver library data.

From <>

APIs have exploded in growth since 2005

Source: ProgrammableWeb

Why Mashups – aside from standard reasons – “It’s a learning experience – and we never turn down learning experiences!”

Preparing to use Mashups

  • Ask vendors for APIs
  • Create RSS feeds for library content
  • Sign up for social networking sites
  • Create accounts for tools such as Yahoo! Pipes and IFTTT


If the 3rd party content goes away, so might your content.

Connecting to other web servers might make your website to load slower

Always read Terms of Service

Pipes – – Looks like there is more functionality than I remember – can it take APIs?

Ex – Koha Related Feeds

IFTTT – Now has Android actions

ScribbleMaps – Create a map mashup with simple drag and drop menus.

Open Refine – clean up data and add it to Freebase

Fusion Tables (

Can import files and create maps

Mashup examples – Takes texts and makes image recommendations

Public report ILS mashed with HighCharts (free license for non-profits)

Mashed Catalog –, powered by Blacklight

Overdrive has API. Pretty sure Mike knows this.

Reading recommendations – BookMeUp montana state university

Aids Poster Map – has slides and more.

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Internet Librarian Rough Cut: Tech Wearables: The Next Frontier

Update 11/11/2014 – If you’d like more polished notes from Barbara’s talk, see the LibConf blog.


There are more “rough cuts” to come, but here is my last set of raw notes from Internet Librarian for:

Tech Wearables: The Next Frontier by Barbara Fullerton


Possibly a 20B market by 2020

Some applications – remote patient monitoring, skin temperature, diabetes treatment, big data  – new companies will spring up to handle it.Lo

Smart Socks are a thing. They monitor foot conditions.

Some cons – apps drain batteries, skin irritations, addictions, privacy breaches

Greatest interest is in wrist because we’re used to it.

Right now wearables are mix of health devices and computing devices

Lots of competition for patents. Google making heavy investments in Magic Leap


2009 – Bodybugg, one of the earliest fitness wearable


Rocket Skates by Acton, strap over shoes first smart electric skates

Magic Leap – (See video)

- VR technology ensures virtual objects actually feel like they are sitting in the real world. 3D Virtual Reality {Daniel – Is this holodeck tech?)

Digital Tattoo – holds all your passwords.

Smart Hair Clip – will call 911 if physical assault, then microphone starts recording, can be manually activated

React Sidekick/React Mobile – Ear device that started out as a 3d printed model. Now texts people when you’re in danger.

Ideas for libraries – user groups, contests (most steps, etc),

The Dash – Earbud that combines wireless headphone, mp3 player, heart rate monitor, etc

Kite Mosquito Patch – electronic masking against mosquitos for 48 hours

Leo – Monitors your body’s complex biosignals, translating them into simple, actionaable advice, monitors electrolytes.

iPal Smart Glass – 4 cameras, fit over glasses. 8 GB of local storage and 24 hours of battery life, can see what you see and digitize what you see.

The Smart Button “Baby Monitor in a Button” Measures movements, activity, and breathing, and it streams data to a smart phone app. Also available for older people.

LeapFrog – FitBit for kids

FiLip child tracker – wearable phone and locator for kids. Includes app that gives parents control of their child’s FiLIP

H2O Pal – small rubber disk that turns any water bottle into a smart bottle. Will pester you to drink enough water and shares progress with friends.

Ingestible computers – It’s a thing. $46 pill monitors how patient responds to medicine. Info sent to app via patch worn on the body.

Skulpt Aim – Device will fire electricity into your muscles to give fat content. Will set goals and nag you.

Bionym Nymi $79 – Wrist aims to replace usernames and passwords with one-stop bioauthenication. Uses unique patter of the heart beat to identify the wearer including online accounts, connecting wirelessly to locks or computers, smart cars/homes

PulseRelief – Philips – TENS technology to deliver electric pulses straight to your nerves. 60 levels available through smart phone app.

FitBit Surge – forthcoming – $249, no longer need a smart phone. Promising smart notifications for calls and text

FitBit charge – forthcoming , monitor sleep quality, continuous heart rate monitor

Apple Watch – coming in 2015, $349

Microsoft might have its own watch based on patent purchases

Trademarks can be clues to new wearables

Peak – Samsung smart watch – waterproof. Day battery life

Jawbone (Company, not device), Product Jawbone UP24 like Fitbit

Philips COPD Gadget – worn on chest, transmits info to doctor

I think Barbara Fullerton would a good speaker at other conference. Her e-mail is She was engaging and well informed.


This session left me both excited and a little anxious about the future. I hope to have a wrap up post by the weekend, we’ll see. Thanks for putting up with the “rough cuts” in the meantime.

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